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Trading post in operation

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An organization or establishment where items can be traded is a trading post. Furthermore, it serves as a hub for gossip and news sharing. Since the seventeenth century, trading posts have been connected to American frontier culture. Trading posts evolved into a cultural institution over time, at first supported and sponsored by the empire, then by national interests, and most commonly by intrepid businessmen.

As settler colonialism spread throughout the Americas, trading stations developed into concentrated hubs in a network of trade that both aided and opposed the rising capitalist economy. Though the original principle of trading posts was to assist European traders and trappers making their way across the North American continent, Native American organizations were ultimately attracted into the network of exchanges that the posts fostered. Native Americans switch their furs, pelts, and sometimes even their scalps for completed commodities like steel blades, weapons, woven textiles, food, and wine. Although not all posts were mismanaged, trading stations had a bad status for exploiting Native traders by providing bad exchange rates, trading goods  that were polluted with diseases, and encouraging the acquisition and usage of alcohol.

Trading posts in operation

Al Mina: On Syria’s northern Levantine coast, served as an early commercial station. It was established circa 800 BC, but its Greek name has gone. Al Mina has a quality in common with the majority of emporiums from the early Archaic Period: it is far from the place of origin. Other trading ports were found in such isolated areas, including Ampurias on the far-flung northeastern coast of Spain, the northwest coast of Sicily, the Sea of Azov in south Russia, and the Nile delta.  At the end of the seventh century, Naucratis, an emporium in Egypt, was established. Like the earlier colony of Al Mina, it was only a site where Greek traders, the majority of whom were from the island of Aegina and Asia Minor, coexisted with native Egyptians and colleagues. The traders were reliant on the pharaoh’s kindness because he firmly supervised the Greek region of Naucratis, which was separated from the Egyptian part of the city. Building temples to the Greek gods required the pharaoh’s approval, and intermarrying Greeks and Egyptians was prohibited. though, just like in Al Mina, the Greek residents of Naucratis coexisted politely with their neighbors who were of other ethnicities; at any rate, there is no proof of hostility between the Greek settlers and the natives.

trade facilitation:

The development of a real alphabet was another sign of friendly trade relations between the Greeks and their neighbors along the eastern Mediterranean Sea coast. Greeks took on parts of the Phoenician model’s consonants to fit the vowels of their own language, deriving their alphabet from that of the Phoenicians. It is mostly clear that the alphabet was created in order to keep records of the items that were purchased and sold, even though there is no materialistic proof to support this. Moreover, there is little doubt that traders from the island of Euboea invented the alphabet and brought it into Greece from Al Mina before 750 b.c.e. By Following the trading lines, the new literacy rapidly made its way to Euboea and then to Athens and other Greek regions. It is unlikely a coincidence that some of the initial artifacts discovered at Al Mina are pieces of Euboean pottery from around 800 BCE, and that some luxury items from the East more likely traveled to Euboea at that time via Al Mina.

Bronze Town:

In addition to trading posts and agricultural colonies, there was a third type of colony there. Some colonies were sent out to find raw minerals rather than exceptional land or to start trading posts. The settlement at Al Mina may have been encouraged by this duty. It is very possible that the Euboeans were hunting for metal when they arrived at Al Mina because the residents there came from the Euboean town of Chalkis or “Bronze Town,” which was famous for its metal-work. Instead of being sent back to Euboea, the metal was used to make items that might be sold locally. Other locations also used this technique. In order to trade metals with the Etruscans to the north, the early Euboeans landed in Cumae on the Bay of Naples. They also established themselves on the nearby island of Ischia, which had its own metal  assets. The colonists of Ischia smelled the local ore in their foundry, which was found during a dig at Pithecusae, the island’s capital. The iron which resulted was then shaped into artifacts on the same site by a smith, whose workshop was found next to the foundry. Then, the completed products were exported. Both Motya in Sicily and Bassae in the separated mountains of Arcadia had the same design of a smelter with a blacksmith’s forge next to it. In addition to objects made of metal, as we will see, areas with easy access to raw materials also produced things made of stone. so, the archaeological discoveries possibly disprove the widely held belief of previous current economist historians that ancient Greek towns, like current industrial governments, depended on exporting the things they produced to survive.

Fuel:

In addition to the availability of iron stone, another component that was taken into account while selecting remote locations for the producing of objects  was the ease of access to the needed fuel. By the end of the Bronze Age, people had been using wood for more than a thousand years for building, development, and most significantly as fuel. As a result, there had been significant deforestation throughout Greece and in several other areas of the ancient world. Actually, the Bronze Age may have ended when areas that produced copper, like Cyprus, started to run out of wood to burn as fuel. Due to a lack of fuel for smelting and forging, it became essential to look for metallic ores in forested areas that provided access to fire; when iron ore was found in these locations, copper began to be replaced by iron. In the Archaic Period, forests covered remote areas like Ischia and Bassae, making fuel willingly available.

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